Which Is The Best Protein?

It is common knowledge that proteins are an important part of the diet. But with the various types of protein, which is best for the human body and why? When you think of your body using protein, the idea that probably pops to mind is probably muscle building. This goes to show that not many of us understand that proteins do more than just building muscles.

Proteins constitute up to 17% of the human body. The neurons in the brain, cell walls as well as the machinery in them are all made up of protein. DNA is also made up of protein. Professional athletes have always been known to consume diets high in protein. A few years ago, production of powdered whey protein inspired production of protein powders, protein fortification of baked foods and invention of infant formula. Supplementing athlete’s food with protein is a topic of great debate with everyone wondering which proteins are the best, why and for whom.

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Essential amino acids which the body can’t do without and must be consumed as they cannot be made by the body. There are nine of them required by humans and they include valine, tryptophan, threonine, phenylalanine, methionine, lysine, leucine, isoleucine and histidine.

While more than 90% amino acids are recycled into other proteins, the rest of them are broken down into waste or used to make important molecules. Such include creatine which helps supply energy to body muscles, nucleotides, hormones, and heme. Given the fact that the body breaks down 90oz/250g of protein every day, it’s very important that one replenish the pool by eating high quality protein.

Animal protein is considered by some as the best type of protein as it contains all the essential amino acids. On the other hand, plant proteins are known to lack one or more essential amino acids. However, plant proteins like hemp, buckwheat, quinoa and soy are quite the exceptions as they are known to contain all the amino acids.

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